Retrofitting Middleware for Backwards Compatibility

Design middleware that helps transition from older Redux patterns to new ones, allowing for a smooth migration to Redux v5.0.0 without breaking existing functionality.
function createCompatMiddleware(oldMiddleware) {
  return store => next => action => {
    // Wrap the old middleware's dispatch and getState
    // to match the new API shape
    const oldAPI = {
      getState: store.getState,
      dispatch: (action, ...args) => store.dispatch(action, ...args)

    // Create next dispatch function
    const nextDispatch = oldMiddleware(oldAPI)(store.dispatch);

    return nextDispatch(action);
This piece of code defines a function `createCompatMiddleware` that takes an old middleware function and returns a new middleware compatible with Redux v5.0.0. It adjusts the shape of the dispatch and getState functions to align with the new middleware API expected by Redux v5.0.0. The adjusted middleware then calls the provided old middleware with the adapted API.
// Example usage with store setup
import { applyMiddleware, createStore } from 'redux';
import thunk from 'redux-thunk';

// Your old middleware that needs wrapping
const oldMiddleware = store => next => action => {
  // Old middleware logic
  return next(action);

// Using createCompatMiddleware to wrap old Middleware
const compatMiddleware = createCompatMiddleware(oldMiddleware);

// Apply the compatMiddleware with other middlewares
const store = createStore(
  applyMiddleware(compatMiddleware, thunk)
This code shows an example of how to use the `createCompatMiddleware` function in a Redux store setup. We import `applyMiddleware` and `createStore` from Redux, and `thunk` as an example of another middleware. We define an `oldMiddleware` that needs to be wrapped for compatibility, and then wrap it using `createCompatMiddleware`. Finally, we create the Redux store with `yourReducer` and apply the wrapped middleware `compatMiddleware` together with `thunk`.
/* CSS for visual representation of middleware in action */
.middleware-box {
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  border: 1px solid #333;
  padding: 20px;
  margin: 10px;
  background-color: #f7f7f7;

.middleware-box .middleware-name {
  font-weight: bold;
  margin-bottom: 5px;
This CSS defines styles for a visual representation of the middleware in an HTML layout. It styles the middleware box with a border, padding, and background color. It also positions the middleware name text to be bold and separated from the rest of the content.
<!-- HTML structure to display middleware in action -->
<div class="middleware-box">
  <div class="middleware-name">Compat Middleware</div>
  <div>Wrapping Old Middleware</div>

<!-- Include your script.js file where the Redux store is configured -->
<script src="script.js"></script>
This HTML snippet provides the structure for displaying the middleware in action. It includes a `div` with the class `middleware-box` which will contain the name of the middleware and a brief description. This visual representation could be used to demonstrate the middleware being loaded and executed in a web application, and is linked to the JavaScript file `script.js` where the Redux store and middleware configuration are defined.