Handling File System Errors in Next.js

Explain how to work with the file system using the fs module in Next.js, and showcase handling errors such as file not found or permission issues.
import fs from 'fs/promises';
import path from 'path';

export async function readFileContent(filePath) {
  try {
    // Construct the full path to the file
    const fullPath = path.join(process.cwd(), filePath);
    // Read the file content
    const content = await fs.readFile(fullPath, 'utf8');
    // Returning file content if successful
    return content;
  } catch (error) {
    // Handling different types of file system errors
    if (error.code === 'ENOENT') {
      // File not found error
      console.error('File not found:', filePath);
      throw new Error('File not found');
    } else if (error.code === 'EACCES') {
      // Permission error
      console.error('Permission denied:', filePath);
      throw new Error('Permission denied');
    } else {
      // Other file system error
      console.error('Error reading file:', filePath, error);
      throw new Error('Error reading file');
This JavaScript code demonstrates the usage of the fs (file system) module in a Next.js project to read a file and handle different types of errors, such as file not found (ENOENT) and permissions issues (EACCES). It's using async/await and promises for asynchronous file operations. The readFileContent function takes a relative filePath, constructs the full path, reads the file, and returns its content or throws a descriptive error if an issue occurs.
import { readFileContent } from './file-system-utilities'; // assuming the function above is exported

export default function Page(req, res) {
    .then(content => {
      // Send the file content to the client if successful
    .catch(error => {
      // Send an error response if there's a file error
This JavaScript code demonstrates how to use the readFileContent function within a Next.js page or API route. It attempts to read the content from 'data/some-file.txt' and send it to the client. If the readFileContent function throws an error, it catches the error and sends an appropriate server error (500) response back to the client.
body {
  font-family: 'Arial', sans-serif;

.error-message {
  color: red;
  font-size: 16px;
This CSS code styles the body of the document to use Arial font and defines an 'error-message' class to style any error messages in red color with a size of 16 pixels.
<!DOCTYPE html>
  <title>Error Handling Example</title>
  <!-- Include CSS for styling -->
  <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="styles.css">
  <!-- The error message will be displayed here if any -->
  <div id="error-message" class="error-message"></div>
  <script src="error-handling.js"></script>
This HTML code sets up a basic web page including a link to a CSS stylesheet for styling and a script tag pointing to a hypothetical 'error-handling.js' file, which might contain our Next.js page code. It includes a div with an ID 'error-message' meant to display any error messages with the class styling applied.