Global State Management with Redux

Show how to set up a Redux store, create actions and reducers, and connect a React component to the Redux store.
import { createStore } from 'redux';

// Define the initial state of our app
const initialState = { counter: 0 };

// Create a reducer function to manage state changes
function counterReducer(state = initialState, action) {
  switch (action.type) {
    case 'INCREMENT':
      return { ...state, counter: state.counter + 1 };
    case 'DECREMENT':
      return { ...state, counter: state.counter - 1 };
      return state;

// Create a Redux store with our reducer
const store = createStore(counterReducer);
This code snippet represents the first step in managing global state with Redux. It includes the boilerplate necessary to create a Redux store by defining an initial state, a reducer function to handle actions like 'INCREMENT' or 'DECREMENT', and finally creating the store itself with these configurations.
const incrementAction = { type: 'INCREMENT' };
const decrementAction = { type: 'DECREMENT' };

// Dispatch actions to change the state
This snippet shows how to create action objects, which are plain JavaScript objects with a 'type' property. It then demonstrates dispatching these actions to the Redux store using store.dispatch(), which triggers the reducer function to update the state based on the action type.
import { useSelector, useDispatch } from 'react-redux';

function CounterComponent() {
  const counter = useSelector(state => state.counter);
  const dispatch = useDispatch();

  return (
      <button onClick={() => dispatch({ type: 'INCREMENT' })}>Increment</button>
      <button onClick={() => dispatch({ type: 'DECREMENT' })}>Decrement</button>
This React component utilizes the useSelector and useDispatch hooks from react-redux to interact with the Redux store. useSelector accesses the current state value (`counter` in this case), and useDispatch returns the dispatch function allowing the component to dispatch actions directly, thereby demonstrating connecting a React component to the Redux store and updating the UI in response to state changes.